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San Gimignano, Siena.  Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini.
San Gimignano, Siena. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini.

San Gimignano: the city of beautiful towers, the Medieval New York

San Gimignano was built in the eighth century as a feudal castle surrounded by walls. In later centuries the village became a free commune. In 1353 the town became part of the possessions of the Republic of Florence.

In the Middle Ages San Gimignano was an important stop for pilgrims on their way to Rome along the Via Francigena. The patrician families who controlled the town built around 72 tower-houses (some as high as 50 m) as symbols of their wealth and their power.

Although only 14 tower-houses have survived, San Gimignano maintains its medieval atmosphere. The town also houses several masterpieces of Italian art of the fourteenth and fifteenth century including works by Benozzo Gozzoli, Ghirlandaio and Pollaiuolo.

In 1990, the historic center of San Gimignano has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage sites.

Now we begin our walk to San Gimignano: A walk to San Gimignano.

PIAZZA SANT’AGOSTINO AND VIA SAN MATTEO

Our route begins from the north side of the town, from the road that arrives from Certaldo we reaches to a parking (to payment, parking number 3) where is possible to leave the car (other parkings are all around the town). From here we entered inside of the town; on the left is the San Jacopo Gate, with the Romanesque church os San Jacopo (13th century).

Returning behind, covering via Folgore da San Gimignano on the left it’s the Hospital of Santa Fina (1203) and more ahead to the right we find the Conservatory of Santa Chiara seat of Polo Museale di Santa Chiara (Archaeological Museum, Spezieria di Santa Fina, Gallery of Modern and Contemporanean Art) and of the communal Library, continuing beyond and entering the first road to the right we will find ourselves in Sant’Agostino square where first of all we will visit the Romanesque church of San Pietro (11th century), from the simple facade with rose-window, the inside has a single nave and frescoes of 14th century.

Porta San Matteo, San Gimignano, Siena. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Porta San Matteo, San Gimignano, Siena. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

In the same square it’s the imposing Romanesque-gothic church of Sant’Agostino (1280-1298) with a simple facade with rose-window. The interior of this church to a single nave and encloses interesting works of art: in the Chapel of San Bartolo it’s a marble altar, work of Benedetto da Maiano (1494), in the Presbytery are the more important works: over the main altar it’s a masterpiece of Piero del Pollaiolo executed in 1483, that represents the coronation of Maria and others saints, on the walls over the chorus are frescoes of Benozzo Gozzoli (1464-1465) that represent the life of Sant’Agostino.

Others frescoes of Benozzo Gozzoli, Sebastiano Mainardi, Lippo Memmi and Vincenzo Tamagni are present along the left wall. Interesting is also the 15th century cloister.

Finished the visit of the church of Sant’Agostino, we continue until the San Matteo Gate (1262). From we entered in the via San Matteo, we covered approximately 150 meters in steep slope along one of the more characteristic street of San Gimignano, along the street we will be able to observe some interesting medieval palaces like the Vichi palace, the Tinacci palace, the Mori palace, the Lorini palace, the house-tower Pesciolini (13th century), next is the Romanesque church of San Bartolo (13th century) and then the Marsili palace (known also like palace of the Papal chancellery) of the end of 13th century. We are arrived at the ancient gate of the first town walls, porta della Cancelleria, a beautiful double gate, and then to the palace and tower Pettini. We are at last arrived to the end of the slope and in front of our eyes is opened the piazza del Duomo, than together with the adjacent piazza della Cisterna it’s the heart of San Gimignano.

San Gimignano, Siena. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini,

San Gimignano, Siena. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini,

PIAZZA DEL DUOMO

Piazza del Duomo, is the heart of San Gimignano and its monumental center, is sure one of the more beautiful small squares of Italy. Here face many interesting palaces (palazzo del Podestà, palazzo del Popolo, the Cathedral, the Loggia) and various medieval towers (Rognosa tower, Chigi tower, Grossa tower, the two Salvucci towers) that gives to the city the aspect of a medieval New York.

On the western side, the square is dominated from the Romanesque, 12th century, facade of the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, situated to the end of a beautiful staircase. The inside of the church is with three aisles with a vaulted roof, the walls and the vaults are all frescoed from wonderful frescoes executed between the others by Benozzo Gozzoli, Jacopo della Quercia, Lippo Memmi, Taddeo di Bartolo, Barna da Siena and Bartolo di Fredi.

In the inner facade is a fresco that represents the martyrdom of Saint Sebastian by Benozzo Gozzoli. Deserve particular attention the frescoes of Barna da Siena that are on the lateral wall of the left aisle and that illustrates the New Testament. At the end of the right aisle is the wonderful Chapel of Santa Fina (1468), masterpiece of the Renaissance work of Benedict and Giuliano da Maiano, remarkable, on the sidewalls of the Chapel, are two frescoes (1475) of Domenico Ghirlandaio.

On the left aisle it’s another cycle of frescoes of 14th century executed from Bartolo di Fredi and that represent Old Testament.

Palazzo del Podestà, Piazza del Duomo, San Gimignano, Siena. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Palazzo del Podestà, Piazza del Duomo, San Gimignano, Siena. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

In the same square, from the opposite side of the Cathedral, it’s the Palazzo del Podestà built in 1249 and enlarged in 1337, with a great facade in stone and local brickwork, the palace is dominated from the tower of the Rognosa, 51 meters high, that until the 14th century, it was used like prison. The entrance to the palace is through an enormous vault, call the Loggia, where is a wide entrance-hall, with seats in stone, in bottom to which it’s a fresco of the Sodoma (1513), that it represents the Madonna with the Child and the saints Geminiano and Nicholas, there also a main gate that gives access the small Theatre of the Leggieri. Sideways to the Palazzo del Podestà it’s the Chigi tower built in 1280. The two twin towers of the Salvucci complete the vision of this part of the square.

The Palazzo del Popolo or Palazzo Nuovo del Podestà, today head office of the Common, is one of the most important monuments in San Gimignano, it rises on the south side of the square of the Cathedral, and was built in 1288 and subsequently enlarged. The entrance to the palace is from the beautiful courtyard of 14th century with frescoes of the Sodoma, from here with an external scale we entered in the Civic Museum, that accommodates paintin of the florentine and sienese schools of the 13th, 14th and 15th century of masters like Coppo di Marcovaldo, Pinturicchio, Benozzo Gozzoli, Niccolò Tegliacci, Taddeo di Bartolo, Guido da Siena, Domenico Michelino and Filippino Lippi. In the museum are also visible the Sala of Dante and the Room of the Podestà, decorated with famous cycles of frescoes like that of Memmo di Filippuccio, inside of the Room of the Podestà, and the scenes of huntings and tournament, attributed to painter Azzo di Masetto and the great Maestà of Lippo Memmi, in the Sala of Dante, the ancient Room of the Council. The visit finishes with the Torre Grossa built in 14th century, the highest of the city (54 meters), from which it’s possible to enjoy a panorama that spaces on great part of the Tuscany: from the Apuan Alps, to the Appennino mountains, untill the hills of the Chianti.

Returned in the public square we stop in the three arched Loggia situated at the angle between the piazza del Duomo and piazza della Cisterna, the Loggia has interesting frescoes of 14th century that represents the Madonna with the child, the Archangel and Saint John Baptiste.

La Torre Grossa e il Duomo, Piazza del Duomo, San Gimignano, Siena. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

The facade of the Duomo and the Torre Grossa, Piazza del Duomo, San Gimignano, Piazza del Duomo, San Gimignano, Siena. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

PIAZZA DELLA CISTERNA AND VIA SAN GIOVANNI

At the corner where is the Loggia, opens the passage between the Piazza del Duomo and Piazza della Cisterna. This last square, triangular, owes its name precisely to the reservior of the thirteenth century which still lies in its center. The whole square is surrounded by interesting buildings and beautiful medieval towers, which make it a more picturesque corner of San Gimignano (among others in recent years, some commercials spots were shot in the square).

The magical atmosphere that breathes filler the visitors behind in the time. Palaces and towers, alternating themselves, irregularly encircle the triangular space of the public square that is shrunk towards via del Castello. On the right, watching via del Castello, are show: the Razzi House, the Tortoli Palace, with its elegant four mullioned windows (14th century), the truncated Tower of the Pucci from the name of the family that possessed it between the 19th and 20th century, the Albergo della Cisterna, the Ridolfi Palace and the towers and the houses of the Becci and Cugnanesi; the Pellari palace and, with its two towers, the Ardinghelli palace.

Piazza della Cisterna, San Gimignano, Siena. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Piazza della Cisterna, San Gimignano, Siena. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

From the other side of the square the Lupi palace with the tower of the Diavolo and after the vicolo dell’Oro, where in past the goldsmith had their rich jeweller’s shops, the 15th century Cortesi-Lolli palace. On the western side of the square (that it watches towards the Palazzo del Popolo) are the Semplici and Magazzini houses and the towers of the Ardinghelli.

Continuing in descent towards via San Giovanni, the Arch of the Becci is crossed, it’s an ancient door of the first town walls (to right is the evocative Vicolo dei Becci). From here it’s reached the piazza dei Cugnanesi with the homonymous palace and tower, that offer to the visitor another wonderful scene, on the right is via Quercecchio from which is beautiful sight on the Torre Grossa. Continuing in light descent along via San Giovanni are others interesting medieval palaces like Palazzo Pratellesi, more ahead is reached on the left the church of San Francesco (13th century), or better that remains of it, infact closed between two bricks houses, remains only the beautiful Romanesque-pisan facade in white travertine, furrowed horizontally from dark lines of serpentine, with the doorway surmonted from a double arch with the symbol of the Knights Hospitaler.

Get over the church of the convent of San Francesco, remains to see a shrine with a fresco of Sebastiano Mainardi and then the Porta San Giovanni, built in 1262 in sienese style with lowered arch, nearby is the church of the Madonna dei Lumi (17th century).

Now we pass to visit of the fortification and the defense works of the town, that deserve a their own page. The tour continues to the medieval walls. —>

Le case Semplici e Magazzini e le torri degli Ardinghelli, Piazza della Cisterna, San Gimignano, Siena. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

The houses Semplici and Magazzini and towers Ardinghelli, Piazza della Cisterna, San Gimignano, Siena. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

MUSEUMS OF SAN GIMIGNANO

In the historical center of San Gimignano are found several interesting museums: the Civic Museum with the Pinacoteca and the Torre Grossa, the Basilica of Santa Maria Assunta and the Chapel of Santa Fina, the Museum of Sacred Art, the Ornithological Museum, the Archaeological Museum, the Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art, the Spezieria di Santa Fina. The entrance to the museums is facilitated from the existence of a cumulative ticket of the cost of 7.50 €.

Musei Civici di San Gimignano, Palazzo Comunale, Pinacoteca, Torre Grossa. (Civic Museums of San Gimignano) Piazza Duomo – Palazzo Comunale 53037 San Gimignano. Tel. 0577 990312 – 0577 941269 (Ufficio Cultura Comune)

The visit to the museum begins from the Palazzo del Popolo (13th century) where first we admires the Camera del Podestà, with 14th century frescoes of Memmo di Filippuccio and Azzo di Masetto, and then we passed to Sala Dante, with the wonderful Maestà by Lippo Memmi. The museum route continue in the Pinacoteca, that collects works of florentine artists of the second half of 13th century like Coppo di Marcovaldo, Azzo di Masetto, and sienese artists of the second half of 14th century like Memmo di Filippuccio, Lippo Memmi, Niccolò di Ser Sozzo; others rooms are dedicated to the artists who have operated between the 14th and 15th century like Taddeo di Bartolo, Lorenzo di Niccolò; and then the florentines Filippino Lippi, Benozzo Gozzoli and Sebastiano Mainardi, until reaching more important work of the museum: the great altar-piece of the Pinturicchio, painted in 1511. The route finishes with the visit of the Torre Grossa built in 1300, this is the highest tower of the city, from it is possible to enjoy a wonderful panorama.

Timetable: from March to October: every day 9,30 – 19.00; from November to February: every day 10,00 – 17,30 except 24th December (10,00 – 13,30) and 1st January (12,30 – 17,30); closed 1 January.

Tickets: Entire 5,00 €, Reduced (groups more than 20 persons) 4,00 €. Cumulative for the Museums of the city: entire 7,50 €, reduced 5,50 €.

Affreschi nel cortile del Palazzo del Popolo, Piazza del Duomo, San Gimignano, Siena. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Frescoes in the courtyard of the Palazzo del Popolo, Piazza del Duomo, San Gimignano, Siena. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Basilica di Santa Maria Assunta, Museo d’Arte Sacra e Cappella di Santa Fina. (Sacred Art Museum and the Chapel of Santa Fina)

In the Basilica can be admired the frescoes of Bartolo di Fredi, Barna da Siena, Taddeo di Bartolo and Benozzo Gozzoli, beyond to the wooden sculptures of Jacopo della Quercia. In the Chapel of Santa Fina (1468), masterpiece of the Renaissance by Giuliano da Maiano are the frescoes of the history of Santa Fina (1475) executed from Domenico Ghirlandaio and the altar work of Benedict da Maiano. In the Museum of Sacred Art are noteworthy the wooden sculptures of 14th century, the Crocifisso di Giuliano da Maiano and the room of Silvers.

Timetable: from the 1st April to 31th October: from Monday to Fridays 9,30 – 19.10; Saturday 9,30 – 17.10; Sunday and festive 12,30 – 17,10; from 1st November to 31th March: from Monday to Saturday 9,30 – 16,40; Sunday and festive 12,30 – 16,40.

Tickets: 4.50 €

Domenico Ghirlandaio, Esequie di santa Fina, Cappella di Santa Fina, San Gimignano, Siena. No Copyright

Domenico Ghirlandaio, Funeral of St. Fina, Chapel of Santa Fina, San Gimignano, Siena. No Copyright

Museo Archeologico (Archeological Museum), Via Folgore, 11 (ex conservatorio Santa Fina) 53037 San Gimignano Tel. 0577 940348 – 0577 941269 (Ufficio Cultura Comune) Fax. 0577 907273

The Archaeological Museum accommodates the archaeological finds of Etruscan-Roman and medieval period iof the zone. We start from the finds of the age of the bronze in order to pass to the etruscan and roman age; are exposed pieces coming from the excavations of Pugiano, the tombs of the Etruscan settlement of the archaic late period of ‘La Ripa’, and from the hellenistic tombs of Poggio Palloro.

Timetable: every day 11,00 – 18,00 except 24th December (10,00 – 14,00) and 1st January (12,30 – 17.30)

Tickets: Entire 3,50 € Reduced (groups more than 10 persons) 2,50 €. Cumulative for the Museums of the city: entire 7,50 €, reduced 5,50 €.

Galleria d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea “Raffaele De Grada” (Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art), Via Folgore, 11 (ex conservatorio Santa Fina) 53037 San Gimignano Tel. 0577 940348 – 0577 941269 (Ufficio Cultura Comune) Fax. 0577 907273

The Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art ‘Raffaele De Grada’ is entitled to the famous Milan painter (1885 – 1957) that chose San Gimignano as election native land. Beyond his works, the permanent collection re-unites the various testimonies of painters like Niccolò Cannicci, Renato Guttuso, Sergio Vacchi, Giannetto Fieschi, Ugo Nespolo and of sculptor as Floriano Bodini and Joachim Schmettau.

Timetable: every day 11,00 – 18,00 except 24th December (10,00 – 14,00) and 1st January (12,30 – 17.30)

Tickets: Entire 3,50 € Reduced (groups more than 10 persons) 2,50 €. Cumulative for the Museums of the city: entire 7,50 €, reduced 5,50 €.

Spezieria di Santa Fina, Via Folgore, 11 (ex conservatorio Santa Fina) 53037 San Gimignano Tel. 0577 940348 – 0577 941269 (Ufficio Cultura Comune) Fax. 0577 907273

The Spezieria di Santa Fina, making part since 1253 of the Spedale di Santa Fina, consisted in “shop” and a “laboratory” of production of medicinal to use in the same Spedale. In the museum are exposed various samples of vitreous shapes datable between the end of the 16th and the 18th century, and above all precious pharmacy pot of the 15th-18th century that still conserves the medicinal substances that served for the preparation of drugs.

Timetable: every day 11,00 – 18,00 except 24th December (10,00 – 14,00) and 1st January (12,30 – 17.30)

Tickets: Entire 3,50 € Reduced (groups more than 10 persons) 2,50 €. Cumulative for the Museums of the city: entire 7,50 €, reduced 5,50 €.

Museo Ornitologico e Sala di San Francesco (Ornithological Museum and Hall of San Francesco), Via Quercecchio (Oratorio di San Francesco) 53037 San Gimignano Tel. 0577 941388 – 0577 941269 (Ufficio Cultura Comune)

The museum accommodates the collection of marquise the Marianna Panciatichi Ximenes d’Aragona Paolucci, a ornithological collection of the second half of the 19th century of remarkable historical and naturalistic interest. The room of San Francesco has frescoes of the first half of 17th century of Bernardino Barbatelli said “il Poccetti”.

Timetable: from April to September: every day 11,00 – 18,00 Closed the other months.

Tickets: Entire 1,50 € Reduced (groups more than 10 persons) 1,00 € Cumulative for the Museums of the city: entire 7,50 €, reduced 5,50 €.

Museum of San Gimignano 1300: Reproduction of the medieval city. Museum: Via Berignano, 23 53037 San Gimignano (Siena) Tel: +39-0577-941078

The museum is located in the historic center of San Gimignano and reconstructs the history and appearance of San Gimignano which was between the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.

You will find ceramic reconstructions of the medieval city with its 72 tower-houses, public buildings, fortifications, churches and convents. The thematic areas of the museum are nine: The ViaFrancigena: presentation of the detailed graphics of the via Francigena; The city of beautiful towers: in 1:100 scale reconstruction of the entire historic city center; Inside the tower: architectural reconstruction of a tower house sectioned and its interior spaces; One day in town: theatrical setting for moments of medieval life within the city walls; Witnesses of the time: panels illustrating the history of San Gimignano, the Etruscan era to the present day; Outside the walls: details of peasant and artisan life outside the walls of fortification; Palace life: cross-section reconstruction of a building with its various rooms; Architectural reconstruction of the convent of San Francesco completely demolished in the sixteenth century; … of passage: area with interactive information on the stages of construction of the works exhibited in the museum and to study the historical and scientific aspects of Medieval Tuscany.

Hours: Open: 8.00-20.00; June, July, August, September: 8.00-23.00.

Tickets: Adults: 5 €, Children: 3 €.

Mura di San Gimignano, Siena. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Walls of San Gimignano, Siena. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

HOW TO GET TO SAN GIMIGNANO

San Gimignano, “the city of beautiful towers” is located in the heart of Tuscany, 56 km south of Florence and 40 km north-west of Siena.

By Car: To reach San Gimignano, coming from Florence, take the Raccordo Autostradale Firenze-Siena (at the exit Florence-Certosa of the A1) and after 30 km exit at Poggibonsi Nord, from here continue for about 13 km follow the signs to San Gimignano.

Coming from Siena, always with the Raccordo Autostradale Florence-Siena, exit Poggibonsi Nord and then follow the indications for San Gimignano (from the exit are approximately 13 km).

Coming from Pisa, take the SGC FI-PI-LI direction Florence, exit at Empoli Ovest and from there continue along the SS 429 to Certaldo, then follow the signs to San Gimignano.

Road distances from San Gimignano: Certaldo 12 km, Poggibonsi 13 km, Barberino Val d’Elsa 21 km, Volterra 30 km, Siena 40 km, Florence 56 km, Pisa 76 km, Lucca 76 km, Massa Marittima 83 km, Arezzo 118 km.

By Bus: San Gimignano is regularly served by numerous daily buses of SITA and Train that connects it to Florence, Siena and Poggibonsi. Some buses between Barberino Val d’Elsa, Siena, Poggibonsi are also operated by Train buses. Generally to get to San Gimignano have to change buses at Poggibonsi.

San Gimignano

San Gimignano

By Train: The closest station to San Gimignano is that of Poggibonsi on the railway line Empoli-Siena, which is only 13 km away. Poggibonsi it is connected by multi bus services with San Gimignano. The main station of Florence (Santa Maria Novella) is 56 km away.

By Air: The nearest airport is Florence-Peretola Amerigo Vespucci, which is located 65 km away. The airport of Pisa Galileo Galilei is located 73 km away.

USEFUL INFORMATION:

Weekly Market San Gimignano: Thursday
Piazza Duomo, Piazza della Cisterna 8.00-13.00

Tourist Information Office – San Gimignano
Ufficio Informazioni Pro Loco
Piazza Duomo, 1
tel. +39 0577 940008 – fax +39 0577 940903

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • AA. VV. “Toscana” Guide Rosse Touring Club Italiano, 2007
  • Cur. Mennucci A. “San Gimignano. Musei civici, palazzo comunale, pinacoteca, torre Grossa” 2010, Silvana
  • Balestracci Duccio “Breve storia di San Gimignano” 2007, Pacini Editore
  • Grassi Paola “San Gimignano. Il centro storico” 2002, Ist. Poligrafico dello Stato
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