Bagno Vignoni is a small village of medieval appearance, characterized by a group of houses and the enormous pool of water occupying the main square. The small cluster of houses was originally a castle of the family of Amerighi, already known in the eleventh century, today the remains of the castle (Vignoni Alto) dominate the high ground above the spa town. Bagno Vignoni, is located 3 kilometers south of San Quirico d’Orcia. From Bagno Vignoni you have nice views of the fortified village of Rocca d’Orcia also home to a castle of Aldobrandeschi.
Bagno Vignoni, today is known for hot springs from which gushes water at a temperature of 52°C, a water bicarbonate-sulphate-calcium-carbon, suitable for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, of neuralgia and neuritis. In the past, the thermal waters of Bagno Vignoni were used since Roman times, later the Pope Pius II Piccolomini and Lorenzo the Magnificent used its curative waters.
The waters of Bagno Vignoni are bicarbonate-sulphate-alkaline-earthy hyperthermal (52°C) and flow from a spring that feeds a large tub of 16th century. They are used for baths and sludge (effective in the treatment of arthro-rheumatic and neuralgic diseases), inhalation, and irrigation (for ear nose and throat inflammation and gynecological inflammations).
The village developed around a large rectangular tank, into which flow the thermal waters. Just outside the old town, a few dozen meters from the tank, is the Parco dei Mulini, where in the past were a number of mills located along the river, used to exploit water for cultivation, it is now possible to visit this area call Parco dei Mulini and admire some of the buildings remained active until the mid-fifties of the twentieth century.
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