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Florence is an absolute masterpiece of Renaissance art. The city is one of the most famous and known tourist destinations in the world. Here are unique masterpieces such as the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore, built by Filippo Brunelleschi. Brunelleschi’s dome has been for hundreds of years the largest dome in the world, and has been surpassed only in modern times ...

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Medici Villas: the villas of the lords of Florence

Villa di Cafaggiolo, Barberino del Mugello. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

The Medici Villas are among the most original architectural structures of the Italian Renaissance. These villas were built between the fifteenth and seventeenth century by the lords of Florence, the Medici. The Medici Villas represent a kind of new building for its time, which differed both from the typical farms from the stately castles. The Medici Villas are an example ...

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Church of Santa Maria del Carmine: the Brancacci Chapel the masterpiece of Masaccio

The Church of Santa Maria del Carmine was begun in 1268, and unfortunately damaged by fire in 1771. The interior has a nave, and was re-decorated in the eighteenth century after the fire. Fortunately the fire spared the absolute masterpiece of the church which requires anyone visiting Florence a visit to this church: the beautiful Brancacci Chapel, a masterpiece of ...

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Basilica of Santa Croce: the most beautiful Italian Gothic church

The great square on which overlooks the Basilica of Santa Croce is surrounded by some buildings of historical interest such as the Palace dell’Antella (seventeenth century) – with beautiful frescoes by Giovanni da San Giovanni and Filippo Napoletano – and the Palazzo Cocchi Serristori (XVI century) by Baccio d’Agnolo. The Basilica of Santa Croce is the principal Franciscan church in ...

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Tomb of Michelangelo Buonarroti, Basilica of Santa Croce, Florence

Michelangelo’s Tomb is a work of Vasari (1570) and it’s found at the beginnig of the right aisle of the church of Santa Croce, just inside the main door of the Basilica. Above the tomb are three sculptures representing the personifications of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, saddened by the death of the great master, but the whole of the tomb ...

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Vasari Corridor: the symbol of the power of the Medici in Florence

The Vasari Corridor it’s a covered way which connects Palazzo Vecchio (Old Palace) to Palazzo Pitti (Pitti Palace), passing through the Galleria degli Uffizi (Gallery of the Uffizi) and crossing the River Arno above the Ponte Vecchio (Old Bridge). The Corridoio Vasariano, more than one kilometer long and 3.50 mts large, was constructed, in only five months, by Giorgio Vasari ...

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Statue of Perseus by Benvenuto Cellini: one of the most famous statues of Piazza della Signoria in Florence

Among the statues present today in the Loggia della Signoria or dei Lanzi, the bronze statue of Perseus by Benvenuto Cellini is probably the most important statue and an extraordinary work from the artistic and technical point of view, considered a masterpiece of the Italian manieristic sculpture and one of the statues more famous of Piazza della Signoria in Florence. ...

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Loggia della Signoria (Loggia dei Lanzi): an open-air museum unique in the world

Loggia della Signoria, also called Loggia dei Lanzi due to guard German mercenaries (in Italian: “Lanzichenecchi”, corrupted to Lanzi) who was stationed here in the sixteenth century, was built in the fourteenth century through the work of Simone di Francesco Talenti, Lorenzo di Filippo and Benci di Cione. The Loggia in origin served to house the assemblies of the people and ...

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Florence Baptistery: the oldest monument in the Piazza del Duomo in Florence

The oldest monument in the Piazza del Duomo, is situated right in front of the facade of Florence Cathedral and is the Baptistery of San Giovanni. A first building was built already in the fifth or sixth century, this served as a baptistery and should already be octagonal as the present one. In the mid-eleventh century, the baptistery was reconstructed ...

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Orsanmichele: a church built in the ancient grain market of Florence

Originally, in the area where it is today Orsanmichele was the oratory of San Michele in Orto, which was demolished in 1239. In its place, around 1290, Arnolfo di Cambio built a loggia for the sale of grain, then according to tradition the image of the Madonna painted on a pillar began to make miracles, and the place became a ...

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Gallery of the Academy of Florence: the Museum of Michelangelo’s David

The Galleria dell’Accademia (Gallery of the Academy of Florence), one of the most visited museums in Florence, is located on the premises of the fourteenth century Ospedale di San Matteo and the women’s monastery of S. Niccolò di Cafaggio. The gallery was founded in 1784 by Grand Duke Peter Leopold of Lorraine as a teaching collection for students of the ...

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Giotto’s bell tower: the most eloquent testimony of Florentine Gothic architecture of the fourteenth century

Giotto’s Campanile is the bell tower of Florence Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore. The bell tower is located off to the right of the cathedral, the unusual position of the tower, aligned with the facade, reflects the desire to give to it a great importance. The bell tower is so named because the project and the realization of the ...

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Piazza della Signoria: the center of political power in the city of Florence

Piazza della Signoria is an open-air museum that, at every step, gives glimpses and views of particular beauty, evidence of a thriving past and architectural treasures of enormous value. What, then, we found on the whole Florence, famous worldwide since ancient times, and probably the most important cultural center of Italy, the cradle of art and Italian language, chest of ...

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Florence: Getting there by Air

Florence has not, unfortunately, a major international airport – as would be desirable given the tourist importance of Florence in the world – but only a small city airport. To reach the airport in Florence from intercontinental destinations you need to stop and change your flight, in European airports such as Paris, Rome, Munich or Frankfurt. FLORENCE-PERETOLA AIRPORT “Amerigo Vespucci” The Florence Airport “Amerigo ...

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Florence: Getting there by train

The train is perhaps the most convenient method for a short holiday in Florence, the train arrives in the historic center of the city without having to worry about finding a parking, then you can safely move around Florence on foot or using the bus service of the town. Florence has three main railway stations: Firenze-Santa Maria Novella, Firenze-Campo di ...

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Florence: the jewel of the Italian Renaissance

Florence, the jewel of the Italian Renaissance, is one of the most important cities of art in the world. The city of Florence is considered the cradle of the Renaissance world and is recognized worldwide as among the top cities for art and architecture, with its many historic buildings, monuments, and rich museums (Galleria degli Uffizi, Galleria dell’Accademia, Museo Nazionale ...

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Brunelleschi’s Dome: the largest masonry dome ever built by man

The famous Brunelleschi’s dome is the coverage of the crossing of Florence Cathedral and is the largest masonry dome ever built by man, with its 45.5 meter diameter, while the exterior is 54 meters. The impost, which stands 35.50 meters above the tambour is approximately 54 meters from the ground, the weight of the dome is estimated at 37,000 tonnes, ...

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Florence Cathedral: the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore

The construction of the Duomo, the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, was started by Arnolfo di Cambio on 8th September 1296. On the death of Arnolfo in 1310, work was proceeding slowly, with delays in relation to the roadmap and on his death were interrupted. The work was again resumed in 1331, when the merchants of the Arte della ...

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Hall of the Lilies in Palazzo Vecchio, Florence

The Hall of the Lilies (Sala dei Gigli) takes its name from the floreal decorations on its ceiling and walls, it’s the only one Hall of Palazzo Vecchio that still today conserve the 15th century aspect. The Hall was obtained in 1472 from the division in two rooms of the Sala Grande carried out from Benedetto and Giuliano da Maiano, ...

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Chapel of the Priors in Palazzo Vecchio, Florence

The Cappella dei Priori (Chapel of the Priors) also called Cappella della Signoria was built between 1511 and 1514 by Baccio d’Agnolo and its decoration was entrusted to Ridolfo del Ghirlandaio (Ridolfo Bigordi said il Ghirlandaio), son of the famous Domenico Ghirlandaio. The chapel is dedicated to St. Bernard and consists of two rooms with vaulted ceilings: the altar area and ...

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Apartments of Eleonora in Palazzo Vecchio, Florence

After the visit of the Apartment of the Elements cross the gallery from which it dominates the Salone dei Cinquecento and enter the Apartments of Eleanora. The Apartments of Eleonora is so named because when Cosimo I established his residence in Palazzo Vecchio this wing of the building was reserved to the rooms of his wife Eleonora of Toledo, daughter of the ...

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Apartments of the Elements in Palazzo Vecchio, Florence

The visit of the second floor of the Palazzo Vecchio begins with the so-called Apartment of the Elements. These rooms were the private rooms of Cosimo I. In this section of the building are: the Hall of the Elements, the Hall of Opi, the Hall of Ceres with the Scrittoio di Calliope, the Hall of Jupiter, the Terrace of Juno, the ...

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Audience Hall in Palazzo Vecchio, Florence

We now arrive at the Sala dell’Udienza (Audience Hall or Audience Chamber) which was the Chamber of Justice, used for meetings and audiences of the Signoria. Originally, also this area was a large room as the underlying Salone dei Duecento, the Sala Grande (Great Hall), but between 1470 and 1472 the room was divided, by Benedetto da Majano, by a wall going to form ...

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The study of Francesco I de’ Medici in the Palazzo Vecchio, Florence

At the end of the wall of the Salone dei Cinquecento – the one where is the entrance -, is a small masterpiece of Florentine Mannerism, the study of Francesco I (“studiolo” also called Tesoretto or Scrittoio del Duca), it is a small side room without windows that was part of the private apartments of Francesco I. At the time of its construction ...

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The Courtyard of Palazzo Vecchio, Florence

The first courtyard of Palazzo Vecchio was built in the first half of 14th century and then modified by Michelozzo in 15th century, he replaced the pillars with cylindrical and octagonal columns and built the loggiato. In the second half of 16th century all the palace endured important modification jobs executed by Vasari for wanting of Cosimo I de’ Medici. ...

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