Home / Abbeys, basilicas and churches / Giotto’s bell tower: the most eloquent testimony of Florentine Gothic architecture of the fourteenth century
Giotto's Bell Tower, Florence, Italy. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Giotto’s bell tower: the most eloquent testimony of Florentine Gothic architecture of the fourteenth century

Giotto’s Campanile is the bell tower of Florence Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore. The bell tower is located off to the right of the cathedral, the unusual position of the tower, aligned with the facade, reflects the desire to give to it a great importance.

The bell tower is so named because the project and the realization of the structure are the work of Giotto. Works started in 1334 by Giotto, were continued – after the death of the great painter in 1337 – by Andrea Pisano, who worked there until 1348, and finally the bell tower was completed in 1359 by Francesco Talenti.

Covered in white, red and green marble like the ones that adorn the Cathedral, the majestic bell tower has a square base, and is considered the most beautiful in Italy. High 84.70 meters and 15 meters wide is the most eloquent testimony of Florentine Gothic of the fourteenth century, that even in the vertical impulse does not abandon the principle of solidity. The numerous statues and sculptures that decorate it were part of the same structure of the bell tower and it were not just a mere decorative purposes.

Campanile di Giotto, Firenze, Italia. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Giotto’s Bell Tower, Florence, Italy. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Il Campanile di Giotto e il Duomo, Firenze, Italia. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Giotto’s Bell Tower and the Duomo, Florence, Italy. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Extremely rich is the sculptural decoration with 56 relief in two registers and overlaid with 16 natural size statues in niches by Florentine master of the 14th and 15th century, including Andrea Pisano, Donatello and Luca della Robbia. All these works, one of the most complete representation cycles of the Middle Ages, are now been replaced with copies (the originals are preserved in the Museum of Opera del Duomo).

The tower is open, to reach the top you must take a scale of 413 steps, from the bell tower is the magnificent panorama of the city of Florence.

  • Address: Piazza del Duomo Firenze Tel: 055 2302885 E-mail: opera@operaduomo.firenze.it
  • Opening Hours: Daily 8.30-19.30
  • Price: 6,00 €
  • Handicap access: NO
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