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Siena climate: when to go to Siena

The city of Siena is situated in a hilly area in the center of the Tuscany region. Siena is located approximately 350 meters above sea level and enjoys a type of Mediterranean climate, characterized by hot and relatively dry summers and relatively cold and wet winters. The rainy season for Siena is however autumn during which fall 227 mm of ...

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Video: Pisa

Pisa was an important maritime town that between the eleventh and twelfth centuries expanded its trade and its conquests. The Republic of Pisa at that time controlled the Corsica, the Balearic Islands and part of Sardinia, businesses and commercial colonies of Pisa stretched from Spain to Tunisia, to Southern Italy, to the Byzantine Empire, up to arrive in Syria, Lebanon and ...

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Video: Florence

Florence is an absolute masterpiece of Renaissance art. The city is one of the most famous and known tourist destinations in the world. Here are unique masterpieces such as the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore, built by Filippo Brunelleschi. Brunelleschi’s dome has been for hundreds of years the largest dome in the world, and has been surpassed only in modern times ...

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Medici Villas: the villas of the lords of Florence

Villa di Cafaggiolo, Barberino del Mugello. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

The Medici Villas are among the most original architectural structures of the Italian Renaissance. These villas were built between the fifteenth and seventeenth century by the lords of Florence, the Medici. The Medici Villas represent a kind of new building for its time, which differed both from the typical farms from the stately castles. The Medici Villas are an example ...

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Pisa climate: when to go to Pisa

Pisa is located a few kilometers from the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea, its location near the sea makes the climate of the city temperate Mediterranean. The proximity to the sea has beneficial effects on the climate of the city, in fact mitigates the heat during the summer months and makes milder winters than the inland locations of Tuscany. The ...

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Prato: a city full of medieval monuments

Prato (186.000 inhabitants (2008), 61 meters above sea level) is the most populous city in Tuscany after Florence, and a major industrial center, particularly the textile industry (yarn, fabrics, machinery). The city lies in a flat area along the valley of the Bisenzio river and is capital of the of the homonymous province, the last born (1992) in Tuscany. Prato ...

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Santa Maria della Scala: an ancient hospital of Siena which has become a museum

The current museum complex of Santa Maria della Scala, was one of the first European hospitals expressly built to accommodate pilgrims traveling along the Via Francigena, and support the poor and abandoned children. The complex is located opposite the facade of the Duomo in Siena, and its creation is due to the canons of the cathedral, who probably founded it ...

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The Medici Fortress of Siena: the symbol of Florentine conquest of Siena

The Medici fortress was built in 1560 by order of the future Grand Duke Cosimo I de’ Medici. The Medici Fortress is located in the heart of Siena, it was built where stood the old Spanish fortress destroyed by the Sienese in 1552. The fort was designed by Baldassarre Lanci and its construction was completed in 1563 and took the ...

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Piazza del Campo: the square of the Palio of Siena

It is said Siena and you immediately think of the Palio. It’s almost impossible, in fact, speaking of this charming Tuscan town and not remember this competition on horseback of medieval origins, unique in the world for participation, passion and intensity with which it is lived by all Sienese. So engaging is the climate that you breathe, to call each year, ...

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Siena: a city medieval jewel of Tuscany

Siena is one of the best preserved historical cities of Tuscany. Ancient medieval town built on three hills, is still surrounded by walls. The whole city of Siena, built around the Piazza del Campo, was conceived as a work of art that blends into the landscape of the Crete Senesi. The city of Siena is a medieval jewel made of bricks ...

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Grosseto: a historic center surrounded by Renaissance walls

Grosseto (80,000 inhabitants (2008), 10 meters above sea level) is the most important town of the Maremma, lies at the heart of the vast flood plain of the river Ombrone a short distance from the sea. Grosseto is situated in Southern Tuscany, about 12 km from the sea in the Ombrone alluvional valley. The origins of Grosseto can be traced to ...

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Basilica of San Francesco: the Bacci Chapel and the frescoes of the Legend of the True Cross by Piero della Francesca

The Basilica of San Francesco faces on the square of the same name that is located halfway between the cathedral square and the walls, in the center of the square is the monument to Vittorio Fossombroni. The Basilica of San Francesco is characterized by a bare facade, unfinished, made from sandstone and brick. The church – and the adjacent convent – was founded ...

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Piazza Grande: the most beautiful square in Arezzo

Piazza Grande, the most beautiful public square in Arezzo, is opened in the heart of the medieval city, the square is a mix of buildings of several ages that gives an evocative and scenographic aspect. It has a characteristic trapezial shape, with a strongly tilted surface, the square was the ancient Platea Communis, risen around 13th century and then modified ...

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Arezzo: a city between Valdarno, Valdichiana and Casentino

The city of Arezzo, located at the confluence of four river valleys, was an important Etruscan and Roman town. The Archaeological Museum, located in a former Olivetan monastery, built on part of the Roman Amphitheatre houses many relics of that period. Guido Tarlati, bishop of Arezzo, in the first half of XIV century, transformed the city in a important art and ...

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Church of Santa Maria del Carmine: the Brancacci Chapel the masterpiece of Masaccio

The Church of Santa Maria del Carmine was begun in 1268, and unfortunately damaged by fire in 1771. The interior has a nave, and was re-decorated in the eighteenth century after the fire. Fortunately the fire spared the absolute masterpiece of the church which requires anyone visiting Florence a visit to this church: the beautiful Brancacci Chapel, a masterpiece of ...

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Basilica of Santa Croce: the most beautiful Italian Gothic church

The great square on which overlooks the Basilica of Santa Croce is surrounded by some buildings of historical interest such as the Palace dell’Antella (seventeenth century) – with beautiful frescoes by Giovanni da San Giovanni and Filippo Napoletano – and the Palazzo Cocchi Serristori (XVI century) by Baccio d’Agnolo. The Basilica of Santa Croce is the principal Franciscan church in ...

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Tomb of Michelangelo Buonarroti, Basilica of Santa Croce, Florence

Michelangelo’s Tomb is a work of Vasari (1570) and it’s found at the beginnig of the right aisle of the church of Santa Croce, just inside the main door of the Basilica. Above the tomb are three sculptures representing the personifications of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, saddened by the death of the great master, but the whole of the tomb ...

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Vasari Corridor: the symbol of the power of the Medici in Florence

The Vasari Corridor it’s a covered way which connects Palazzo Vecchio (Old Palace) to Palazzo Pitti (Pitti Palace), passing through the Galleria degli Uffizi (Gallery of the Uffizi) and crossing the River Arno above the Ponte Vecchio (Old Bridge). The Corridoio Vasariano, more than one kilometer long and 3.50 mts large, was constructed, in only five months, by Giorgio Vasari ...

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Statue of Perseus by Benvenuto Cellini: one of the most famous statues of Piazza della Signoria in Florence

Among the statues present today in the Loggia della Signoria or dei Lanzi, the bronze statue of Perseus by Benvenuto Cellini is probably the most important statue and an extraordinary work from the artistic and technical point of view, considered a masterpiece of the Italian manieristic sculpture and one of the statues more famous of Piazza della Signoria in Florence. ...

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Loggia della Signoria (Loggia dei Lanzi): an open-air museum unique in the world

Loggia della Signoria, also called Loggia dei Lanzi due to guard German mercenaries (in Italian: “Lanzichenecchi”, corrupted to Lanzi) who was stationed here in the sixteenth century, was built in the fourteenth century through the work of Simone di Francesco Talenti, Lorenzo di Filippo and Benci di Cione. The Loggia in origin served to house the assemblies of the people and ...

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Florence Baptistery: the oldest monument in the Piazza del Duomo in Florence

The oldest monument in the Piazza del Duomo, is situated right in front of the facade of Florence Cathedral and is the Baptistery of San Giovanni. A first building was built already in the fifth or sixth century, this served as a baptistery and should already be octagonal as the present one. In the mid-eleventh century, the baptistery was reconstructed ...

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Orsanmichele: a church built in the ancient grain market of Florence

Originally, in the area where it is today Orsanmichele was the oratory of San Michele in Orto, which was demolished in 1239. In its place, around 1290, Arnolfo di Cambio built a loggia for the sale of grain, then according to tradition the image of the Madonna painted on a pillar began to make miracles, and the place became a ...

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Gallery of the Academy of Florence: the Museum of Michelangelo’s David

The Galleria dell’Accademia (Gallery of the Academy of Florence), one of the most visited museums in Florence, is located on the premises of the fourteenth century Ospedale di San Matteo and the women’s monastery of S. Niccolò di Cafaggio. The gallery was founded in 1784 by Grand Duke Peter Leopold of Lorraine as a teaching collection for students of the ...

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Giotto’s bell tower: the most eloquent testimony of Florentine Gothic architecture of the fourteenth century

Giotto’s Campanile is the bell tower of Florence Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore. The bell tower is located off to the right of the cathedral, the unusual position of the tower, aligned with the facade, reflects the desire to give to it a great importance. The bell tower is so named because the project and the realization of the ...

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Piazza della Signoria: the center of political power in the city of Florence

Piazza della Signoria is an open-air museum that, at every step, gives glimpses and views of particular beauty, evidence of a thriving past and architectural treasures of enormous value. What, then, we found on the whole Florence, famous worldwide since ancient times, and probably the most important cultural center of Italy, the cradle of art and Italian language, chest of ...

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