The Uffizi Gallery is the most important museum of Florence and one of the most famous museums in the world. The building houses a superb collection of works of art, divided into several rooms arranged for schools and styles in chronological order.
This is an immense artistic heritage, which includes thousands of pictures ranging from the medieval to modern, a large number of ancient sculptures, miniatures, tapestries.
The origin of the building that houses the museum dates back to 1560, when Cosimo I de’ Medici ordered to to Giorgio Vasari to planning a large building with two wings that would accommodate the offices (Uffizi) of the Florentine State.
The building has the unusual and singular shape of a U facing the river Arno. The two bodies of the building are parallel and are connected by a corridor that has six big arched windows that open over the courtyard of the palace, with unobstructed views of the Palazzo Vecchio and over the Arno River, with wonderful views of the Ponte Vecchio. Vasari himself, a few years after the construction of the building, through an air corridor (Vasari Corridor), linked the Uffizi with Palazzo Pitti.
The first core of the gallery was created in 1581 by Francesco I de’ Medici, son of Cosimo, on the top floor of the building, and were collected by the Medici collections in the fifteenth and sixteenth century. The works were initially placed in the hall of the Tribune and in adjacent rooms. The museum was regularly open to the public under the Lorraine dynasty.
On the second floor of the gallery, at the premises derived from Mediceo Theater, is based the collection of drawings and prints, among the largest in the world, which includes about 120,000 works, dated from the end of the fourteenth century to the twentieth century, among them outstanding examples of all the great masters of Tuscany, from Leonardo to Michelangelo.
The Uffizi Gallery houses a collection of Italian and European painters among the most important in the world. The halls of the museum are a succession of masterpieces of the Renaissance masters. The Uffizi expose the most complete collection of Tuscan and Florentine painting from Cimabue and Giotto up to the mannerist painters. Very important is the presence of works by other Italian schools of painting, among them the Venetian is the richest of valuable works. Of immense value are the paintings of Flemish painters in the museum, as well as the collection of antiques and portraits (the latter visible today in the famous Vasari Corridor, which links the Uffizi Gallery with Palazzo Pitti).
Among the most significant work of art of the Uffizi Museum, which includes, inter alia, the world’s largest collection of paintings by Botticelli (Primavera, The Birth of Venus, The Adoration of the Magi), are masterpieces by Orcagna (Triptych of San Matteo), Piero Pollaiolo, Giotto (The Ognissanti Madonna, Badia Polyptych), Duccio of Buoninsegna, Cimabue, Masaccio, Taddeo Gaddi, Masolino, Leonardo da Vinci (Annunciation, Adoration of the Magi), Gentile da Fabriano (Adoration), Filippo Lippi, Paolo Uccello (Battle of San Romano), Beato Angelico, Michelangelo (Holy Family with St. John or Tondo Doni), Raphael (Madonna of the Goldfinch, Pope Leo X with Cardinals Giulio de’ Medici and Luigi de’ Rossi, portraits of the dukes of Urbino Elisabetta Gonzaga and Guidobaldo da Montefeltro), Caravaggio (Medusa), Piero della Francesca (Diptych of Duke Federico da Montefeltro and Duchess Battista Sforza of Urbino), Perugino, Tiziano (Venus of Urbino), Rubens, Rembrandt, Mantegna.
Among the most significant work of art of the Uffizi Museum, which includes among other things the world’s largest collection of paintings by Botticelli (Birth of Venus, Spring, Adoration of the Magi), we find masterpieces of Orcagna (Triptych of St. Matthew), Antonio del Pollaiolo (Hercules and Antaeus and Hercules and the Hydra), Piero del Pollaiuolo (Virtue), Giotto (Madonna d’Ognissanti), Duccio di Buoninsegna (Madonna Rucellai), Cimabue (Majesty of Santa Trinita), Simone Martini (Annunciation), Giottino (Deposition from the Cross), Masaccio (Madonna and Child with Saint Anne), Domenico Veneziano (Madonna and Child with Saints), Taddeo Gaddi, Masolino, Leonardo da Vinci (Annunciation, Adoration of the Magi), Gentile da Fabriano (Adoration of the Magi), Filippo Lippi, Paolo Uccello (Battle of San Romano), Fra Angelico, Michelangelo (Holy Family with the Infant St. John or Tondo Doni), Raphael (Madonna of the Goldfinch, Portraits of the Dukes of Urbino Elisabetta Gonzaga and Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, portrait Leo X with Cardinals Giulio de’ Medici and Luigi de’ Rossi), Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (Medusa, Bacchus, Sacrifice of Isaac), Piero della Francesca (Diptych portraits of the Dukes of Urbino), Pietro Perugino (Madonna with child and saints, Portrait of Francesco Maria delle Opere), Titian (Venus of Urbino), Pontormo (Supper at Emmaus), Andrea del Sarto (Madonna of the Harpies), Hugo van der Goens (Portinari Triptych), Parmigianino (Madonna of the Long Neck), Giovanni Bellini (Sacred Allegory), Federico Barocci (Madonna del Popolo), Rubens (Isabella Brant, Self Portrait, Battle of Ivry, entrance of Henri IV in Paris), Rembrandt (Self-portraits), Mantegna.
Among the ancient statues of the famous Greek statue of the Venus de’ Medici from the first century BC, taken and brought to France by Napoleon, was returned to Florence in 1815.
- Type of objects: paintings, sculptures.
- Important works: Works by Florentine school: paintings by Cimabue, Giotto, Masaccio, Paolo Uccello, Filippo Lippi, Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Pontormo, Rosso Fiorentino. Works by Italian school: paintings by Duccio di Boninsegna, Simone Martini, Pietro and Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Gentile da Fabriano, Piero della Francesca, Mantegna, Giovanni Bellini, Giorgione, Raphael, Titian, Tintoretto, Veronese, Caravaggio. Works by European school: paintings by Rogier van der Weyden, Hugo van der Goes, Albrecht Durer, El Greco, Rubens, Rembrandt, Claude Lorrain, Goya.
- Address: Loggiato degli Uffizi 6 Firenze Tel: 055 294883
- Opening Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 8.15-18.50, from July to September until 22.00. Closed Mondays, New Year, May 1st, Christmas.
- Price: € 6.50; in the case of exhibitions € 8.50. Reduced 3.25 €. Free for schools (reservations required tel 055-290112), 3,00 € educational assistance to students.
- Handicap access: YES
- Exhibition area: 7000 sqm
- Exhibition halls: 45