Bagni San Filippo is a small spa village situated on the slopes of Mount Amiata 524 meters asl, in the municipality of Castiglione d’Orcia, in the province of Siena.
The place name recalls the presence of San Filippo Benizi, prior of the Florentine religious order of the Servants of Mary, who in the twelfth century, according to tradition, took refuge in these places, in a hermitage not far from the springs to escape the election as Pope at the conclave in Viterbo (1268-1271).
The therapeutic properties of its thermal waters were known since antiquity, in the fourteenth century are remembered by Ugolino da Montecatini, but the baths were developed in particular by the family of Medici, Lorenzo the Magnificent, visited it in 1485, then Cosimo I de ‘Medici, in 1566, made them restructure, and the Grand Duke Ferdinand II in 1635, came to Bagni San Filippo caring for the headaches. Machiavelli cites Bagni San Filippo in his work the “Mandragola” of 1518.
Bagni San Filippo is a charming place for the white limestone deposits formed by water that form cascades of hot water. Waters, in fact, contain plenty of calcium carbonate that solidified form peculiar white concretions. This property of cementing water was used by Leonardo De Vegni, in mid-eighteenth century, to make works of art through a technique called “plastic of the Tartars”.
The waters are hyperthermal and flow at temperatures varying between 25°C and 52°C, rich in sulphur, calcium and magnesium are particularly effective in curing osteo-neuro joint diseases (sciatica, bursitis, arthropathy chronic neuritis, osteoarthritis and rheumatism articulate subacute and chronic primary bone distrophitis, joint sequelae of trauma, ankylosing spondylitis, arthritis psorisiaca, periarthritis, tendinitis, muscle rigidity, some inflammatory diseases in non-acute phase), dermatological diseases (juvenile acne, eczema, psoriasis, Seborrhoeic dermatitis, itching); ear, nose and throat diseases (front and rear sinusitis chronic, chronic rhinitis, chronic rhinitis paranasal, chronic laryngitis, tracheitis and chronic pharyngitis, chronic catarrhal otitis), bronchus and lungs diseases (bronchiectasis, chronic bronchitis, tracheo-bronchitis chronic bronchitis, silicosis, asbestosis, pneumoconiosis).
Bagni San Filippo Spas, with their modern facilities are ideal for a relaxing stay and offer bathing, mud-bath, inhalation, aerosol, ionized, sonic aerosols, nasal micronized showers. The spa is equipped with an efficient health club where make treatments for the body (anti-cellulite) and face (anti-age) with products that use water and mud.
Among the sights worth visiting the Fosso Bianco, near the village, where the waters flow, creating with calcium deposits left by their passage, a landscape of white rocks.
Among the sights worth visiting the Fosso Bianco, near the village, where flowing water create, with limestone deposits left by their passage, a landscape of white rocks. Along the road that leads from Campiglia to Bagni San Filippo is the grotto of San Filippo, dug into one big block of travertine and divided in two by a partition. Tradition has it that there was refugee San Filippo Benizi. Inside the cave are kept in a plaster bust of the saint (eighteenth century) and a wooden crucifix, kept inside a tabernacle, which according to tradition was carved by San Filippo. On days 22 and 23 August there is a pilgrimage to the cave, now turned into rock chapel. It lit fires and celebrated the liturgical functions.
- AA. VV. “Toscana” Guide Rosse Touring Club Italiano, 2007